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Further information

Background to AKIS diagrams

The AKIS diagrams on the posters are an attempt to visualise the components, structure and - in some cases - the relationships of AKIS in the respective country. In many countries, no such attempt at presenting the AKIS has been made previously.

We followed an infrastructural approach (see Concepts and Theories), and presented the organisations following a typology of actors proposed by Birner et al. (2006). Our typology distinguishes five types of actors: public sector, research and education, private sector, non-governmental organisations and farmer-based organisations. The aim was to generate an easy-to-read typology of the supply of services for each country. According to the focus of PROAKIS we emphasise advisory services, but acknowledge that a description and evaluation of a country’s AKIS needs to incorporate all functions including research, education and training and consider policy and governance aspects.

The AKIS diagrams have been compiled by different authors (either project partners or subcontractors e.g. from advisory organisations or universities of the respective country) with no predefined template for what the AKIS diagram should look like. The task was to present graphically the structure of AKIS in the surveyed country on national and – if applicable – regional levels. Therefore, there is considerable diversity in the presentations.